Malay Translation, Interpretation, Language Standardization and Localization
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MALAY (BAHASA MALAYSIA, BAHASA MALAYU, MALAYU, MELAJU, MELAYU, STANDARD MALAY) [MLI] 7,181,000 or 47% of the population (1986), including 248,757 in Sarawak (1980 census); 10,000,000 in Malaysia including second language
speakers (1977 SIL); 12,000 in Hong Kong; 6,253 in USA (1970 census); 10,000,000 in Indonesia; 396,000 in Singapore; 21,000 in Myanmar; 4,200 in United Arab Emirates; 17,600,000 or more in all countries first language
speakers. 5,000 Peranakan speakers in Malaccan Straits area (1979 Tan Chee Beng); 10,000 or more in Singapore (1986 A. Pakir). All districts of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, and Sarawak. Also in Brunei, a few in Thailand. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Malayan, Local Malay. Dialects: TRENGGANU, KEDAH, KELANTAN, PERAK (SOUTHERN MALAY), SARAWAK MALAY, BAZAAR MALAY (LOW MALAY, PASAR MALAY, PASIR MALAY, TRADE MALAY), PERANAKAN (BABA MALAY, STRAITS MALAY, CHINESE MALAY). Over 80% cognate with Indonesian. 'Bazaar Malay' is used to refer to many regional non-standard dialects. Roman and Arabic (Jawi) scripts. 62% literate in Sarawak (1980). Peranakan monolinguals are 70 years old or older. National
language. Typology: SVO. Agriculturalists: wet and dry rice, rubber, fruits, vegetables; fishermen. Sunni Muslim. Braille code available. Bible 1733-1993. NT 1668-1938. Bible portions 1629-1932.